Racing video game

Article

July 6, 2022

A racing video game (or car simulator in the broadest sense[source?]) is a genre of video game in which the player drives a car. To play car simulators, you can use a keyboard and mouse or use a special controller - a computer steering wheel, gearbox and pedals.

History

1970s

In 1973, Atari's Space Race was the first racing game - not on a race track, but in space. Two spaceships raced against robot-controlled ships and against each other, avoiding collisions with comets and meteorites. The player could control the ship in one plane. In the same year, Taito released a similar game, Astro Race, already with a four-position joystick. The following year, the same Taito released Speed ​​Race, the first road racing game. The author was Tomohiro Nishikado, known for Space Invaders. The game was made in a "bird's eye" perspective and with scrolling graphics. The road widened and narrowed; against the player were machines controlled by a machine gun, which became more and more as the number of points increased. The machine was equipped with a steering wheel and pedals. In the US, the game was released under the name Wheels, republished by Midway Games. In the same 1974, Atari released its racing game, Gran Trak 10, in which the entire track was visible. It was necessary to drive against time (but not against each other). In 1976, the same Taito released Crashing Race, a two-player machine in which you had to not avoid enemy cars, but collide with them to score points; the player with more points won. In the same year, Sega released Moto-Cross (later renamed Fonz, by analogy with the then-current sitcom "Happy Days") with a "top-rear" perspective. The task was to ride a motorcycle, dodging obstacles and other motorcyclists. The game had the rudiments of force feedback: the steering wheel vibrated upon impact. In the same 1976, Sega released Road Race, a car race with similar characteristics. Atari's Night Driver showed the view from the cockpit. Similar to Gran Trak 10, there was only a time trial. In 1977, Micronetics released Night Racer, a cockpit racer similar to Night Driver. Sega's Twin Course TT gave the two a chance to compete against each other. Taito's Road Champion was the first race against computer-controlled machines — you had to cross the finish line before them. Head On (Sega, 1979) was a "machine game" in the lab�