USSR State Security Committee


January 22, 2022

The Committee of State Security of the USSR (KGB of the USSR) is a union-republican body of state administration in the field of state security. It was established during the Stalinist reorganization on March 13, 1954 from the USSR State Security Service and a number of departments, services and divisions of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs as the State Security Committee under the USSR Council of Ministers. In 1978, during the reform of the leading party and state bodies, it was renamed the USSR State Security Committee and directly subordinated to the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee. The KGB system included state security agencies, personal guards of senior party and government officials, border and government communications troops, military counterintelligence agencies, educational institutions, and research institutions. The committee performed the task of protecting the communist regime of the USSR from internal and external political opponents and the opposition, performed the functions of political repression, intelligence abroad in the interests of the Soviet government, and political counterintelligence in the USSR. In 1978, Yu. V. Andropov, as the Chairman of the KGB, succeeded in raising the status of state security bodies and removing them from the direct subordination of the USSR Council of Ministers. On March 20, 1991, the KGB received the status of the central body of state administration of the USSR, headed by the Minister of the USSR, and on October 22 of the same year it was liquidated. Goals and objectives The main functions of the KGB were foreign intelligence, counterintelligence, operational and investigative activities, protection of the USSR state border, protection of the leaders of the CPSU and the USSR government, organization and provision of government communication, and the fight against nationalism, dissent and anti-Soviet activities. The KGB's task was also to provide the Central Committee of the CPSU (until May 16, 1991) and the highest bodies of state power and administration of the USSR with information concerning state security and defense, the socio-economic situation in the Soviet Union, and the Soviet state's foreign policy and economic activities. Communist Party.

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