Lithuania

Article

January 22, 2022

Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuva), official name Lithuanian Republic (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika), is a state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe. One of the three Baltic countries. The country is located along the southeastern coast of the Baltic Sea, east of Sweden and Denmark. In the north, Lithuania borders the Republic of Latvia (border length 610 km), in the east - with Belarus (border length 724 km), in the southwest - with the Kaliningrad region. Russian Federation (border length 303 km), in the south - with Poland (border length 110 km). As of 2021, there are 2,795,175 people living in Lithuania. The capital and largest city is Vilnius. Other major cities: Kaunas and Klaipeda. Lithuanians are Balts. The official language is Lithuanian (one of the two living languages ​​of the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family, the other is Latvian). For centuries, the southeastern shores of the Baltic Sea have been inhabited by various Baltic tribes. In the 1230s, the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas, and on July 6, 1253, the Kingdom of Lithuania was established. During the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the largest country in Europe; present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were territories of the Grand Duchy. With the Union of Lublin in 1569, Lithuania and Poland formed a voluntary two-state personal union - the Commonwealth. The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth lasted for more than two centuries, until neighboring countries systematically dismantled it from 1772 to 1795, and the Russian Empire eventually annexed most of Lithuania. At the end of the First World War, on February 16, 1918, the Act of Independence of Lithuania was signed, which proclaimed the establishment of the modern Republic of Lithuania. At the height of World War II, Lithuania was first occupied by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany. At the end of World War II, the Germans retreated, and the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. On March 11, 1990, a year before the official dissolution of the Soviet Union, Lithuania became the first Baltic state to declare itself independent, resulting in the restoration of an independent Lithuanian state. Lithuania is a developed economy with a high level of income and a very high rate of human development, a very high standard of living, and has a high performance

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