Lutsk

Article

July 5, 2022

Lutsk (Polish: Łuck, German: Luzk, Latin: Luceoria) is a city of regional significance in the west of Ukraine, the administrative center of Volyn Oblast and Lutsk District. The historical, religious, political, educational, industrial and economic center of Volyn.

Origin of name

The most common version says that the area where Lutsk is now located had an advantageous defensive location - from the north and west, the boundaries of the city were determined by the bend of the Styr River, in the south the Hlushets flowed, and the east was surrounded by impassable swamps. Hence the name of the city - Luchesk, and then Lutsk - from the word "bow", that is, "knee, bend of the river". The modern inhabitants of the city of Lutsk, the Luchans, have kept unchanged the ancient name of the "Luchan" tribe, which lived on this bend and in the surrounding area. Another legend connects the name "Luchesk" with the name of the leader of the East Slavic Dulib tribe - Luka, who founded the ancient city. There is also a version that, as if in ancient times, a shepherd Lutsko found a tub in Styra, and in it was a document on the right to found the city, lost by the Peremylians. He gave the find to the rightful owners, who named the new town Lutsk in honor of the shepherd.

History

Old Russian period

Lutsk was mentioned for the first time in the Ipatiev Chronicle (dated 1085), which even then indicated a fairly significant development of the city. Around 1000, Volodymyr I the Great annexed Volhynia to Kyivan Rus and built a fortress in Lutsk, which later turned into a significant obstacle on the way of invaders. This fortress withstood the siege of the Polish king Boleslaw II the Brave, Andriy I Bogolyubsky, Galician princes Volodymyr Volodarevych and Yaroslav I Osmomysl. For a long time, the city was an insurmountable obstacle on the way of the Tatar-Mongol horde, but in the middle of the 13th century, the Luchans were forced to destroy their defensive fortifications. Already in those days, Lutsk played the role of the economic and administrative center of the Volyn principality, which, as part of the Galicia-Volyn state (from 1253, after the coronation of Grand Duke Danylo Romanovych - the Kingdom of Russia), turned one of the most important pages of Ukrainian statehood. [source?]. In 1340, after the death of the Volodymyr Prince Yury-Boleslav Troydenovich, the Lutsk Prince Dmytro-Lubart received the status of great �