August 13, 2022

Lviv (МФА: [ˈʎʋiu̯] (listen)) is a city in Ukraine, the administrative center of the region, agglomeration, district, urban community, the country's national-cultural and educational-scientific center, a large industrial center and transport hub, considered the capital of Galicia and the center of Western of Ukraine. It is the seventh city in the country in terms of population (717,273 as of January 1, 2022). Lviv was founded by King Danylo around 1231-1235 (the first mention is from 1256). Around 1272, the city became the capital of the Kingdom of Rus (Halytskyi-Volyn Principality). Shortly after the death of Prince Yuri II, Lviv came under the rule of the Kingdom of Poland for more than four centuries. In 1356, the city received Magdeburg rights; In the Middle Ages, Lviv was an important trade center. During Austrian rule, the city became a center of Ukrainian and Polish national movements. After the collapse of Austria-Hungary in the fall of 1918, Lviv was for some time the capital of the West Ukrainian People's Republic, but after the Ukrainian-Polish battle for the city in November 1918, it passed to Poland, which was recognized by international pacts and agreements in 1922-23. During the Second World War, the city was captured by the Soviet Union, and later by Germany. After the war, the Yalta Agreement of 1945 was legally enshrined, according to which Eastern Galicia and in particular Lviv remained part of the Ukrainian SSR. In 1946, there was a population exchange between Poland and the Ukrainian SSR, which, together with the consequences of the war, significantly affected the population of Lviv. Since 1991, Lviv has been part of Ukraine. The historical center of Lviv is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The city has the largest number of architectural monuments in Ukraine. In 2009, Lviv was awarded the title of the Cultural Capital of Ukraine. The city periodically occupies prominent places in the ratings of tourist and investment attractiveness.


The founder of Lviv, King Danylo, named the city after his son Prince Lev Danylovych. The name of the city in different languages ​​looks like this: in Polish - Lwów (MFA: [ˈlvuf]), in English - Lviv (MFA: [ləˈviːv]), in Russian - Lviv (MFA: [ˈlʲvɔf]), in German - Lemberg (MFA: [ˈlɛmbɛɐ̯k] ; now also Lwiw), Yiddish - לעמברג (MFA: [ˈlɛmbɜrg]), Latin - Leopolis (MFA: [lɛˈɔpɔlɪs]), Armenian - Lviv (MFA: [ˈlvɔv]), Crimean Tatar - İlbav (MFA: [ilˈbav