October 25, 2021
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, DStJ, PC, FRS, HonFRSC (Margaret Hilda Thatcher, nee Roberts; Margaret Thatcher; 13 October 1925 (1925-10-13)) […], Granthamd, Lincoln […] - 8 April 2013 (2013-04-08) […], The Ritz Londond, Westminster, Greater London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom […]) - 71st Prime Minister of the United Kingdom ( Conservative Party of Great Britain) in 1979-1990, leader of the Conservative Party in 1975-1990, Baroness since 1992. The first woman in this position, as well as the first woman to become prime minister of a European state. Thatcher's premiership was the longest in the twentieth century. Known as the "Iron Lady". Implemented a number of conservative measures that became part of the policy of "Thatcherism". After leading the government, he carried out political and economic reforms aimed at reviving the country. Its political philosophy and economic policy were based on deregulation, especially of the financial system, in ensuring a flexible labor market, privatizing state-owned companies and reducing the influence of trade unions. Thatcher's popularity declined in the early years due to the recession and high unemployment, and rose again during the 1982 Falklands War and the economic boom that led to her 1983 re-election. Thatcher was re-elected for the third time in 1987. But her consistent support for the per capita tax law and her skeptical view of Britain's role in the European Union were not shared by members of her government. After Michael Hezeltain challenged her leadership in the party, in 1990 Thatcher resigned as party leader and prime minister.