Marshal of France

Article

October 25, 2021

The Marshal of France (French: Maréchal de France) was the highest military rank in modern France, as well as the highest military rank in Medieval, Pre-Revolutionary, Imperial and Republican France from the end of the 12th century to the middle of the 20th century. The oldest of the marshal's ranks in Europe. The rank and rank of Marshal of France was awarded to the most deserving generals for exceptional achievements. Marshall was a member of the highest ranks of the Crown of France during pre-revolutionary France and the return of the Bourbons to the throne, as well as one of the highest ranks of the French Empire during Napoleon's reign (at that time the title was Marshal of the Empire, not Marshal of France). The title of Marshal of France provides a badge of distinction with 7 stars. The Marshal of France is also awarded the Marshal's Wand, an elongated cylinder decorated with blue velvet with images of 7 stars. In the past, the scepter was decorated with an ornament of heraldic lilies (flor de li, the coat of arms of Valois) during the Bourbon monarchy and imperial eagles during the reign of Napoleon I. At the ends of the scepter engraved a gold seal with a Latin inscription: Latin. Terror belli, decus pacis (February in war, with respect in peace). The marshal's staff was broken in the event of the marshal's capture or on the day of the king's death. Six marshals in the history of France received the rank of superior to the rank of Marshal of France - Chief Marshal of France: Charles de Biron, Francois de Bonn Ledigier, Henri de Turenne, Claude de Villar, Moritz of Saxony and Jean de Du Sult. History of the title "Marshal of France" The Marshal of France is not a military rank, but was awarded only to the highest ranks of the French general for victories on the battlefield. The title marshal (fr. Maréchal) comes from the modern word mareschale, which has German roots (German mareschale), the one that serves with horses (mare and merrie words in modern English and Dutch, denoting a mare, respectively). In the Frankish tribes, marshals served in stables and obeyed the groom. In later centuries, the importance of marshals grew: there were imperial marshals who monitored the condition of the imperial horses. In 1060, King Henry I of France established the title of constable, or chief groom. His assistants were marshals. Then, to distinguish the royal marshals in�

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