Matyushenko Panas Mykolayovych

Article

May 25, 2022

Panas Mykolayovych Matyushenko (born 2 (14) May 1879 (18790514), Derkachi village, Kharkiv province, Russian Empire - died 20 October (2 November) 1907, Sevastopol, Tavriya province, Russian Empire) - Ukrainian public and political figure , non-commissioned officer of the Black Sea Fleet, leader of the uprising on the battleship "Potemkin".

Biography

Panas Mykolayovych Matyushenko was born in the village of Derkachi (now the district center of Kharkiv region), in the family of a shoemaker. He graduated from the church-parish school. He took an active part in the Ukrainian national-cultural and political movement. Since childhood, he was friends with his prominent fellow villager - writer and scientist Gnat Hotkevich. He was a member of the Kharkiv Ukrainian Student Community, where he met Oleksandr Kovalenko. He left home early to earn money, worked as a greaser at the Kharkiv Locomotive Depot, and later in Odessa as a port loader, fireman and assistant driver on the Voluntary Fleet. In November 1900 he was drafted into the navy and enlisted in the 36th naval crew, which was created to recruit the team of the new armored personnel carrier of the Black Sea Fleet - "Prince Potemkin-Tavriya". He was sent to the School of Mining Drivers in Kronstadt, then continued his service on the training ship of the Black Sea Fleet "Berezan", where the commander was then Captain 1st Rank EM Golikov and with whom fate will bring him back to the battleship. After graduating from school, in October 1902 he was appointed minesweeper of the battleship "Potemkin". On January 1, 1905, he received the title of mine-quartermaster of the first article.

Uprising on the battleship

On June 27 (14), 1905, an uprising broke out on the battleship, with the phrase uttered by Hryhoriy Vakulenchuk in Ukrainian: "How long will we be slaves!" After Hryhoriy Vakulenchuk was mortally wounded at the very beginning of the Potemkin uprising, non-commissioned officer Panas Matyushenko led the uprising. According to eyewitnesses, throughout the 11-day odyssey of "Potemkin", Matyushenko stood out for his determination and energy. Until the last day, he campaigned among the sailors for the continuation of the struggle of the "insurgent enslaved peoples of Russia", which testifies to the national liberation orientation of the uprising on armored