Marilyn Monroe

Article

August 8, 2022

Marilyn Monroe (English Marilyn Monroe, real name: Norma Jeane Mortenson (Baker), English Norma Jeane Mortenson Baker, June 1, 1926, Los Angeles - August 4, 1962) is an American film actress, model, singer, sex symbol 1950s. It became one of the most iconic images of American cinema and the entire world culture. Twenty films with the participation of Monroe brought in more than 200 million dollars at the box office. As part of the studio system, Monroe had a contract with 20th Century Fox, which made her one of the most sought-after actresses of the 1950s, but also one of Hollywood's lowest-paid stars. Monroe became the most popular actress of the 1950s, when she starred in comedies and melodramas that skillfully exploited her external data and turned her into a sex symbol: "Niagara" (1953), "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" (1953) and "Seventh Year Itch" (1955). The attitude of critics to Monroe's work was controversial. The audience fell in love with the actress because of the images of frivolous charming blondes. In 1960, she won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture - Comedy or Musical for her starring role in Jazz Only Girls (1959).

Life and career

Childhood and first marriage: 1926—1944

Norma Jean Mortenson was born around 9:30 a.m. on June 1, 1926, in Los Angeles, the third child of RKO Pictures editor Gladys Pearl Baker (née Monroe, May 27, 1902 – March 11, 1984). At fifteen, Gladys married John Newton Baker, nine years her senior; gave birth to Roberta (1917-1933) and Vernice (born 1919). Gladys filed for divorce in 1921, and Baker took the children to Kentucky. Norma Jean wasn't told she had a sister until she met her when she was twelve. In 1924, Gladys married Martin Edward Mortensen, but divorced before Norma Jean was conceived (1928). The identity of Norma Jean's father is unknown, most often she used the surname Baker. Throughout her life, Marilyn Monroe denied Mortensen's paternity, claiming that as a child she was shown a photograph of the man Gladys identified as her father, Charles Stanley Gifford[source?]. According to legend, Norma Jean was named after two great actresses of the time: Norma Tolmage and Jean Garlow. Maty pr