Moscow-Turkish War (1676-1681)

Article

January 22, 2022

The Moscow-Turkish War of 1676–1681 was a war between the Ottoman Empire (along with vassals: the Crimean Khanate and the Right-Bank Hetmanate) and the Moscow Empire for Ukrainian lands. During the reign of Fyodor Alekseevich in Moscow.

Background

The cause of the war was the Ottoman Empire's attempt to intervene in the Moscow-Polish confrontation and seize control of the Right Bank Ukraine. In 1656, the post of Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire was seized by the energetic man Mehmed Keprulu, who managed to strengthen the discipline of the army and inflict several defeats on enemies. Austria was forced to make in 1664 not particularly favorable for her peace in Vaswar, in 1669 the Ottomans conquered Crete. In 1669, Hetman of the Right Bank of Ukraine Petro Doroshenko became a vassal of the Ottoman Empire. In the autumn of 1671, the army of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth led by Jan III Sobieski launched an offensive in Podillya and captured Bratslav, Mohyliv and Vinnytsia. In the spring of 1672, large-scale hostilities began. On October 6, 1672, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich declared war on the Ottoman Empire and the Crimean Khanate: sent that to the great emperor, to his tsarist majesty wrote the brother of his sovereigns… declaring that the Sultan of Turkey with the Crimean Khan to the detriment of the Christian states starting from the Polish crown entered his state and… the city of Kamenets-Podolsky became a citizen and made himself that city is a haven… ».

The course of the war

Military action in Podolia

On August 27, 1672, the united Ukrainian-Ottoman-Tatar army, led by Hetman Petro Doroshenko, Ottoman Sultan Muhammad IV and Crimean Khan Selim-Girey, captured the fortress of Kamyanets (Kamyanets-Podilsky) and went to Galicia. In early September 1672, Allied troops laid siege to Lviv. Having no means to continue the war, the government of the Commonwealth on October 5, 1672 concluded the Treaty of Buchach. The conclusion of the Treaty of Buchach, under which the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth renounced its claims to the Right Bank of Ukraine, was considered by the Moscow state as an opportunity, without violating the Andrusiv Armistice with the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, to seize

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