Munster

Article

August 8, 2022

Münster (German: Münster) is a city in Germany, North Rhine-Westphalia. In 1648, the famous Peace of Westphalia was signed in Münster, which ended the Thirty Years' War. There are no industrial plants in the city, and the population is mostly employed in education and management, for which Münster is often called the "desk of Westphalia". Münster is home to the important judicial and administrative institutions of North Rhine-Westphalia, including the Constitutional Court and the Higher Administrative Court. The Catholic diocese of Münster, founded more than 1,200 years ago, is one of the oldest in northern Germany and plays a major role outside of Westphalia.

Geography

Münster is located in the north of the federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, on the Münstersche-A river 15 km before its confluence with the Ems. The highest point is on a foothill hill in the reserve - 98.8 m above sea level. The lowest point is in the northern part of the city territory on the Ems River at a height of 38.6 m above sea level. The city of Münster is 60 m above sea level (height measured at the central market in front of the town hall). The nearest large cities are Osnabrück (44 km north), Dortmund (61 km south), Bielefeld (62 km east) and Enschede (Netherlands) (65 km northwest). The city is one of 42 urban agglomerations in Germany. Almost half of the city's territory is used for agriculture, so the population density is low - about 1,000 people per km². The total area of ​​the city of the region is 302.96 km², of which 59.03 km² are buildings and open space, 1.17 km² are working surfaces, 11.91 km² are recreation areas, 26.04 km² are roads, 139.68 km² are agricultural. land, 48.43 km² of forest land, 8.93 km² of water surface and 7.77 km² of other uses. The length from North to South is 24.4 km, from West to East is 20.6 km.

Climate

The average annual rainfall in Münster (700 mm/year) is approximately equal to the average annual rainfall in Germany. However, the number of rainy days per year is relatively large. The average annual temperature is 9 ° C. About 1500 hours of sunshine per year. Compared to other German cities, according to this indicator, Münster is in the top 20% of cities with cloudy weather. Winter in �