Artem Ivanovich Mikoyan


August 8, 2022

Artem Ivanovich Mikoyan (Armenian: Artyom Hovhanneshy Mikoyan, born on July 23 (August 5) 1905 (19050805) - died on December 9, 1970) was a Soviet aircraft designer. General designer of the experimental design bureau "MiG". Colonel General of the Engineering and Technical Service. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor. Younger brother of Anastas Ivanovich Mikoyan.


He was born on July 23 (August 5) 1905 (19050805) in the village of Sanain, Tiflis province of the Russian Empire (now within the city of Alaverdi, Lori marz (region), Armenia) in the family of a poor village carpenter. From the age of six, he began to graze cattle. He learned to read and write in a village school. In 1918, the family moved to Tiflis (now Tbilisi), where he began to study together with his older brother Anastas. In 1923, he moved to Rostov-on-Don, where he entered a technical school at a machine-building plant, worked as a turner in a railway workshop. In 1924, during the so-called Lenin's draft (after Lenin's death on January 21, 1924) was accepted as a candidate for membership of the RCP(b). Member of the CPSU (b)-CPSU since June 1925. In November 1925, he moved to Moscow, worked as a turner at the Dynamo factory. At that time, his older brother held high positions in the party and was a close associate of Stalin. He worked at the factory until 1928, after which he was recommended for party work. 1928-30 served in the army, was secretary of the Komsomol committee of the first Soviet tank school. After returning from the army, he worked in Moscow at the Kompressor plant, and was elected secretary of the party committee of the plant. In 1931, at the direction of the party, he began studying at the Zhukovsky Air Force Academy. In the academy, in particular, they taught to jump with a parachute and fly an airplane. In 1935, together with two other students of the academy, he built the light aircraft "Oktyabryonok" (Russian: Октябрёнок, Zhovtenya), which received the approval of the Central Aero Club. On October 22, 1937, after defending his diploma project, he received the title of "Military Mechanical Engineer of the Air Force of the RSFSR."

Work as an aircraft designer

In 1937, after graduating from the academy with a red diploma, Mikoyan was appointed a military representative at the Osoaviahim State Aviation Plant No. 1 (GAZ No.