Nobel Prize in Physics

Article

January 22, 2022

The Nobel Prize in Physics (Swedish: Nobelpriset i fysik) is the highest award for scientific achievements in physics, awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm. The prize is one of five established under the will of the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel (died 1896) in 1895, awarded for outstanding achievements in chemistry, physics, literature, physiology or medicine and for his contribution to the establishment of peace. The Physics Prize was awarded to Wilhelm Roentgen "in recognition of his extremely important achievements in science, which were manifested in the discovery of rays, later named in his honor." Each winner receives a medal, diploma and a cash prize, the amount of which varies over the years. The award is presented in Stockholm at the annual ceremony on December 10 - the anniversary of Nobel's death. Between 1901 and 2020, 215 scientists received the Nobel Prize in Physics. History In his will, Alfred Nobel wrote that he wanted to use his legacy to reward those who bring "the greatest benefit to humanity" in the fields of physics, chemistry, peace, physiology or medicine and literature. Although Nobel wrote several wills during his lifetime, the last one was written a year before his death and was signed at the Swedish-Norwegian club in Paris on November 27, 1895. Nobel bequeathed 94% of its total assets, 31 million Swedish kronor (198 million US dollars, 176 million euros in 2016), to award five Nobel Prizes. Due to skepticism about this will, the prize was approved by the Storting (Norwegian Parliament) only on April 26, 1897. The executors of his will were Ragnar Solman and Rudolf Lilgequist, who established the Nobel Foundation for Financial Management and Administration of the Nobel Prizes. The members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, who were to present the Peace Prize, were appointed shortly after the will was approved. The following organizations awarded: the Carolingian Institute on June 7, the Swedish Academy on June 9 and the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on June 11. The Nobel Foundation then decided how to award the Nobel Prize. In 1900, the newly created statutes of the Nobel Foundation were promulgated by King Oscar II. According to the will of Alfred, the Kings�

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