Norway

Article

July 6, 2022

Norway (Norwegian: Norge: file; Norwegian: Noreg: file), official name: Kingdom of Norway (Norwegian: Kongeriket Norge) is a Northern European state on the Scandinavian Peninsula with a total area of ​​385,207 thousand km² (69th place in the world). In addition to the mainland, Norway owns the Arctic archipelago of Svalbard and the island of Jan Mayen on the border of the Greenland and Norwegian seas, Bouvet Island in the South Atlantic. Norway is a sovereign democratic parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a unitary system. In Norway, state power is divided between the parliament, the king and the Supreme Court, according to the norms of the constitution, which has been in force in the country since 1814, with numerous amendments. The head of state is King Harald V of the Schleswig-Holstein-Sönnerborg-Glücksburg dynasty. The head of government from 2021 is Jonas Gar Støre, the leader of the center-left parliamentary coalition. Norway maintains close ties with the European Union and its member states (despite refusing to join the Union in two national referendums), as well as with the United States of America. Norway is one of the founding countries of the United Nations, NATO, the Council of Europe, the Antarctic Treaty and the Nordic Council; also a member of the European Economic Area, the World Trade Organization and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development; part of the Schengen area. The Kingdom of Norway was founded in 872, after the merger of several small Norman kingdoms. It is one of the oldest still existing kingdoms in the world, it has existed continuously for more than 1,100 years. During this period, more than 60 kings and earls replaced the throne of the kingdom. From 1035 to 1814, the kingdom included the Faroe Islands, from 1261 to 1814 Greenland, from 1262 to 1814 Iceland. Until 1661, power in the kingdom belonged to the monarch, after that it was shared with the influential nobility. As of 2017, the population of the country is 5.32 million people (120th place in the world). The country has a long eastern land border with Sweden (1,619 km long). Norway also borders Finland and Russia to the northeast, as well as the Skagerrak Strait to the south, with Denmark on the other side. Norway has a long coastline bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Barents Sea. Country