Neil Armstrong

Article

August 8, 2022

Neil Alden Armstrong (English: Neil Alden Armstrong; August 5, 1930, Wapakoneta, Ohio, USA - August 25, 2012) was an American naval aviator of the United States Navy and an astronaut. The commander of Apollo 11, who flew to the moon and the first earthling to set foot on its surface (July 20-21, 1969). Awarded the Congressional Gold Medal (2009).

Biography

Childhood and youth

Neil Armstrong was born in Wapakoneta, Ohio, to Stephen Koenig Armstrong and Viola Louise Engel. Thus Neil was of Scots-German descent. His father worked as a financial auditor, and his mother was a literature teacher at school. Neil was the firstborn in the family and had two younger sisters, June and Dean. The father, Stephen Armstrong, worked for the state government, and after Neal's birth, the family moved from town to town: they managed to live in 20 different cities before finally settling in Wapakoneta, where Neal was able to enter high school. By then, Neil was already an active member of the Boy Scouts of America, where he would eventually reach the highest rank of Eagle Scout. As an adult, he will also receive the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award and the Silver Buffalo Award from them. Neil has been interested in airplanes since childhood. At the age of six, Neil took off on a plane for the first time: his father, instead of Sunday service, took his son into the cockpit of the plane, which for a fee lifted all those willing into the air. This first plane was a Ford Trimotor or "Tin Goose" - a small passenger plane. From the age of ten, Neil worked part-time (mowing lawns at the local cemetery) to buy aviation magazines and models, of which he had a room full. He even independently built a model of an airplane turbine. In high school, Neil began training at the city's WFS aviation school. He proved to be a capable student and already at the age of fifteen he was able to obtain a pilot's certificate, even before he could obtain a driver's license. A replica of the single-engine Aeronca 7AC Champion airplane in which he first took to the skies on his own now stands at the Neil Armstrong Aerospace Museum, which opened in 1972 in Wapakoneta. In 1947, Neal began studying the aviation industry at Purdue University, Indiana, where he