Germany

Article

July 5, 2022

Germany (German: Deutschland), official name: Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland) is a country in Central Europe, a democratic federal republic. It consists of 16 federal states. The capital and largest city of the country is Berlin. It covers an area of ​​357,578 km². The climate is moderate seasonal. The population is 82.9 million people. Member of the European Union and NATO. The country with the largest population and the largest economy in the European Union. A leading political force on the European continent, a technological leader in many fields. Germany is the second most popular place of migration in the world, second only to the USA. The place of ancient Germany was inhabited by various Germanic tribes according to the evidence of documents even before 100 AD. e. During the great migration of peoples, the Germans spread to the south, establishing successful kingdoms in a large part of Europe. Starting from the 10th century, the German territories formed the central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, the northern German regions became the center of the Protestant Reformation, while the southern and western regions remained Catholic. These two factions clashed during the Thirty Years' War. The occupation during the Napoleonic Wars and the growing popularity of pan-Germanism within the German Union led in 1871 to the unification of the German states around Prussia into the German Empire. After the German Revolution of 1918-1919 and the subsequent capitulation in World War I, the Empire became the Weimar Republic in 1918 and was divided by the Treaty of Versailles. During the Great Depression, the Third Reich was declared in 1933. Then there was the period of National Socialism and the Second World War. After the end of the Second World War, the USA, USSR, Great Britain and France took the supreme power on the territory of Germany in their hands and divided it into zones of occupation. Due to the fact that the victorious states as a whole could not agree on a common course of action regarding Germany, the Federal Republic of Germany was formed within the occupation zones of the Western states, and the German Democratic Republic was formed within the Soviet occupation zone. Both states were constituted in 1949. In 1990, Germany �