Ode to Nobunaga


July 5, 2022

Oda Nobunaga (Japanese: 【織田信長】 おだのぶなが; June 23, 1534(15340623) - June 21, 1582) was a Japanese statesman and military figure, tycoon, and samurai commander of the Warring States period. The process of uniting the fragmented Japan has begun. The main character of the Japanese war epic "Records of Prince Nobunaga". The owner of the castles of Nagoya (ca. 1545-1555), Kiyosu (1555-1563), Komaki (1563-1567), Gifu (1567-1576), Azuchi (1576-1582). Temporary Senior State Councilor (1575-1576), General of the Imperial Guard (1575-1578), Court Minister (1576-1577), Right Minister (1577-1578), Grand Minister of State (posthumously, 1582). Japanese national hero. Since 1869, he has been honored as a Shinto deity. Took first place in the nationwide survey "Great Japanese" (2006). He was born in Owari province. The son of manager Oda Nobuhide, the elder of the voivodeship governors of the province. After the death of his father in 1552, he destroyed rival relatives and around 1559 united Ovari. In 1560, he won a great victory in the Battle of Okehazami over the troops of the magnate Imagawa Yoshimoto, whose head he captured in battle. In 1560-1567, he defeated the Saito dynasty and captured its Mino province. In 1568, he made a successful campaign to the Japanese capital, Kyoto, supporting Ashikaga Yoshiaki, a candidate for the post of shogun. During the campaign, he conquered the Capital District. Because of the conflict with the shogun, he started a war against the first anti-Nobunaga alliance consisting of the neighboring magnate families Asakura, Adzai, Takeda, as well as the Buddhist monasteries of Osaka and Enryaku. In 1570-1573, he defeated the forces of the union and in 1573 eliminated the Muromachi shogunate, expelling Yoshiaki from the Capital District. In 1574-1575, he exterminated enclaves of unruly Buddhists in Nagashima and Echizen. In 1575, in the Battle of Nagashino, he was the first Japanese commander to widely use firearms. In 1576, he founded a castle and the town of Azuchi on the shores of Lake Biwa, which became his residence. In 1576-1580, he fought against the second anti-Nobunaga alliance, which was organized by the fugitive shogun on the basis of the Mori, Uesugi, Takeda clans, as well as the Osaka monastery. In 1580, he occupied Osaka after a long siege. As a result of the victory over the union, he conquered most of Central Japan. In 1581, he destroyed the metropolitan confederation of ninjas from Iga. 1582 final