Onatsky Eugene Dometievich

Article

January 22, 2022

Yevhen Dometiyovych Onatsky (January 1 (13), 1894 (18940113), Hlukhiv - October 27, 1979, Buenos Aires, Argentina) was a Ukrainian scientist, public figure, journalist, and encyclopedist. Professor at the Higher Institute of Oriental Studies in Naples and the University of Rome la Sapienza. He is a full member of the Ukrainian Free Academy of Sciences, the Shevchenko Scientific Society and the Ukrainian Historical Society. Member of the Ukrainian Central Council, participant in the Ukrainian revolution of 1917-1921. Head of the press bureau at the UPR diplomatic mission in Rome. Since 1929 he has been one of the leading figures of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, a member of the Board of Ukrainian Nationalists. OUN representative in Italy. Employee of US and Canadian periodicals. Son of Ukrainian historian Dometiy Onatsky. Fighter for the independence of Ukraine in the twentieth century.

Biography

He was born on January 13, 1894 in Hlukhiv, now Ukraine. In 1904 the Onatsky family moved to Kamianets-Podilskyi, where Eugene studied at the gymnasium, which he graduated in 1912 with a silver medal. In 1912–1917, Yevhen Onatsky studied at the Faculty of History and Philology of the University of Kyiv and was a member of the Scientific Society named after T. Shevchenko. During his studies he took an active part in public work and in 1917-1918 he became a leading member of the joint leadership of all higher schools in Kyiv - the Main Student Council. In 1917 he also joined the Ukrainian Central Council as a representative of Ukrainian students and was soon appointed to its Secretariat. Eugene Onatsky took an active part in the All-Ukrainian National Congress, which was convened by the Central Council in Kiev on April 17-24, 1917. In March 1918, Onatsky temporarily withdrew from political activity, but in 1919 he was part of the government delegation of the Ukrainian People's Republic at the Peace Conference in Paris. After the defeat of the liberation movement (1917–1920), Onatsky and his wife moved to Rome, where he headed the press bureau of the Ukrainian diplomatic mission and was the editor of its magazine, La voce del Ucraina. During the interwar period, Yevhen Onatsky collaborated with the Ukrainian periodicals Nation Building (as a leading contributor to this main theoretical body of the OUN), New Call, New Way, and edited the Voice of Ukraine bulletin.

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