CSTO operation in Kazakhstan


January 22, 2022

The CSTO operation in Kazakhstan is an operation of the troops of the member states of the Collective Security Treaty Organization in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Officially declared peacekeeping. It began on January 6, 2022 at the request of the President of Kazakhstan Kasim-Zhomart Tokayev and lasted until January 19, 2022. The reason for the operation were protests in Kazakhstan.


From January 1, 2022, liquefied gas prices in Kazakhstan were increased. In this regard, protests took place on January 2 in the oil city of Zhanaozen in Mangistau region. Within a few days, they spread throughout Kazakhstan. Protesters, despite government concessions (the price of gas was reduced), began to demand the complete resignation of the president, government and parliament. Following the aggravation of the situation on January 5, President of Kazakhstan Kasim-Zhomart Tokayev appealed to the CSTO member states to help them fight "bandits and terrorists", ie protesters.

Legal basis of the transaction

Kazakhstan has been a member of the CSTO since 1992. St. 4 of the contract states :. According to this article, on January 5, 2022, the President of Kazakhstan Tokayev asked the CSTO to provide him with military assistance, arguing that there were "terrorist gangs" in Kazakhstan. At the same time, during the CSTO operation in Kazakhstan, servicemen dressed in blue helmets of the UN-sponsored peacekeeping mission were spotted on the streets of Almaty. The United Nations has confirmed that the gunmen seen in the images are not part of the peacekeeping mission. "We have conveyed our concerns on this issue to the Permanent Mission of Kazakhstan. UN troop-contributing countries should only use their honors if they carry out their tasks in accordance with the Security Council's mandate," the UN press service said. Experts on international humanitarian law and peacekeeping operations also said that the pictures in Almaty show a gross abuse of power by troops wearing these helmets. According to them, if the officials of Kazakhstan are behind the use of blue helmets, it should lead to international responsibility for the illegal act.

Course of events

On January 6, 2022, the troops of the CSTO member states began to arrive

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