Organization of a collective security agreement

Article

January 22, 2022

The Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO, Tashkent Treaty) is a military-political international organization that includes Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan.

Key Features

According to official Russian documents, the organization, established on May 15, 1992, "is seen as a major intergovernmental instrument designed to address regional challenges and threats of a military-political and military-strategic nature, including the fight against drug and psychotropic substances." The organization conducts operations: "Channel" (anti-drug), "Illegal" (to combat illegal migration), "PROXY" (to combat cybercrime). The organization has value for Russia as: a tool for implementing Russian foreign policy, a means of restoring Russia's influence in the post-Soviet space. Unlike, for example, NATO, there are no criteria for admission to the CSTO. To become a member of the CSTO, you do not have to meet democratic criteria and have a reformed economy and judiciary. The Russian government is trying to present the CSTO as a real alternative to NATO and is working hard to increase the CSTO's weight in the system of international relations. Since December 2004, the CSTO has had observer status as a UN General Assembly. History of the organization On May 15, 1992, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan signed a Collective Security Treaty (CSTO) in Tashkent. Azerbaijan signed the agreement on September 24, 1993, Georgia on September 9, 1993, and Belarus on December 31, 1993. The contract came into force on April 20, 1994. The contract was for 5 years and could be extended. On April 2, 1999, the presidents of Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan signed a protocol extending the treaty for another five-year period, but Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Uzbekistan refused to renew the treaty, and Uzbekistan joined GUAM the same year. At the Moscow session of the CSTO on May 14, 2002, a decision was made to transform the CSTO into a full-fledged international organization - the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO). On October 7, 2002, the CSTO Statute and Agreement on the Legal Status of the CSTO were signed in Chisinau

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