US House of Representatives


May 19, 2022

The United States House of Representatives is the lower house of the US Congress, which together with the upper house, the US Senate, forms the US Parliament. Initiates and adopts federal laws that apply to all states (the consent of the upper house and the president is also required to put them into effect). The lower house has the exclusive right to initiate tax laws, impeach officials, including the president, and, in rare cases, elect the president of the United States.

Procedure for election

Unlike the Senate, each US state is represented in the House of Representatives in proportion to the population. The largest state of California has 53 congressmen, and Montana, Delaware, South Dakota, Alaska, North Dakota, Vermont, Wyoming have only one representative. Such representatives are called "a member of the chamber from the state as a whole." Each staff member holds his or her seat for two years and may be re-elected an unlimited number of times. The number of seats in the chamber since 1911 is 435 representatives. Congress has the right to change the number of seats. However, there are 6 representatives who do not vote. The House of Representatives is meeting in the south wing of the United States Capitol. The head is the speaker, who is elected by the majority party. He usually does not chair meetings, entrusting it to one of his colleagues.


After the congressional elections on November 7, 2006, the Democratic Party of the United States won a majority (233 against 202 from the Republican Party). On January 4, 2007, Nancy Pelosi (Democratic Party) became the 60th Speaker of the US House of Representatives. After the by-elections to Congress in November 2010, Republicans won a majority in the House of Representatives. After a general vote on January 5, 2011, John Boehner was elected the 61st speaker, replacing Nancy Pelosi.

Current composition

After the congressional elections on November 3, 2020, the Democratic Party has a majority of 222 representatives. The Republican Party has 211 representatives. The next elections will be held on November 8, 2022. See also Ukraine Support Group in the US Congress List of current members of the US House of Representatives



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