the Pope

Article

May 25, 2022

The pope (Latin papa, from the Greek pappas, "father"), or the Pope, is the prominent head of the Catholic Church. Bishop of Rome, successor of St. Peter the Apostle, Vicar of Jesus Christ on Earth. Western Patriarch of the Latin Church, the first of the five great Christian patriarchs - Rome, Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch and Jerusalem. President of the Vatican (since 1929) and the Holy See. Former head of the papal state. Archbishop-Metropolitan of the Province of Rome, Primate of Italy and the surrounding islands. He has a residence in the Apostolic Palace. Elected cardinals of the Church at conclaves. Usually, he holds the Roman throne for life. The first pope is considered to be Peter, the apostle of Jesus Christ. The current Pope of March 13, 2013 - Francis. The first pope to preach Christianity in Ukraine was Clement I; the first pope to visit Ukraine was John Paul II. Also - the pontiff (high priest), the supreme pontiff (Latin pontifex maximus).

Theological background

The Catholic Church justifies the authority of the Bishop of Rome with the succession of the Apostle Peter, who died a martyr's death in Rome. Although the New Testament contains only information about Peter's journey to Antioch (Gal. 2:11), the presence of Peter in Rome is evidenced by the tradition of the first centuries of Christianity. Catholics believe that Jesus commanded the Apostle Peter to lead the Church, highlighting the following points of the Gospel: Here Jesus called Simon the son of Jonah Peter (Πέτρος), which in Greek means Rock. Theologians emphasize that Jesus compared the faithful of his Church to a sheepfold and called himself a Shepherd.

Powers

In the Catholic Church, the power of the Pope is exceptional. The Constitution of Pastor aeternus of 1870 confers on the Pope "the highest and fullest jurisdiction over the Roman Catholic Church in matters of faith and morals, as well as in matters of discipline and governance," and authority "over each of the Churches in communion with the Pope and over everyone, without exception, is a priest and a believer, regardless of any rights of earthly authority ”(Canon 218, 1-2). The administrative corps that manages the affairs of the Pope is called the Roman Curia, the collective name for the Roman Curia and the Pope together - the Holy See. In matters of faith and morals, the Pope monitors �