July 5, 2022

Paris (French: Paris, MFA: [pa.ˈʁi] ( listen)) is the capital of France, the administrative center of the Ile-de-France region. A separate department of France. Located on the Seine River. Population — 2,175,601 people (as of 01/01/2021), urban agglomeration — 10 million, in 2015 the city population was 2,206,488 people, agglomerations — 12,405,426. Headquarters of a number of international organizations: UNESCO, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development , International Chamber of Commerce and others. World Trade Center (cars, airplanes, stationery and tourist equipment); the main national industrial district (means of transport, energy equipment, electronics, clothing, cosmetics), financial and banking capital; a large transport hub (2 international airports). Higher educational institutions (13 universities), French Institute, French Academy. Glorious scientific institutes: Pasteur Institute of Radiological Research. Cultural (97 museums, 300 art galleries, about 100 theaters) and tourist center of world importance. According to the results of a survey conducted by Forbes magazine among experts in 2010, Paris was among the twelve most beautiful cities in the world.


The toponym Paris comes from the name of the Celtic tribe of Parisians (Parisii). The modern name is derived from the Latin name of the city, which was first called Lutetia Parisiorum (lat. Lutetia Parisiorum) and Civitas Parisiorum, that is, the city of Parisians. The etymology of the name of this tribe has not been established with certainty. Several more French toponyms have a common origin with the name Paris: Villeparizy, Cormay-en-Parisy, Fontenay-en-Parisy. From Roman times there are also references to Parisians living in England, in modern East Yorkshire.



The city is located in the center of the Paris basin, approximately 65 m above sea level. The boundaries of the residential districts of Paris are delineated by a ring road with a length of 36 kilometers. The territory of Paris also includes the Bois de Boulogne, located to the west of the city, and the Bois de Vincennes, located to the east. The perimeter of the city is 54.74 km. The area of ​​the city is 105 km², including the area of ​​these parks, and about 87 km² without them. The city is 18 km from east to west, 9.5 km from north to south. The highest point of the city (128.21) is in the Montmartre area, n�