October 25, 2021

Portugal (Portuguese: Portugal), official name - Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: República Portuguesa) - is a country located mainly on the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe. The westernmost sovereign state of mainland Europe, bordering Spain to the north and east, and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south. It also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, both autonomous regions with their own regional governments. Portugal is the oldest nation-state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest states in Europe, whose territory has been permanently inhabited, occupied and has been the subject of struggle since prehistoric times. Pre-Celtic peoples, Celts and Romans were accompanied by invasions of Svei and Visigothic Germanic peoples. After the Muslim conquest of the Iberian Peninsula, most of its territory was part of Al-Andalus. Portugal as a country was formed during the early Christian Reconquista. Founded in 868, the County of Portugal gained regional significance after the Battle of San Mamede (1128). Later, after the Battle of Oric (1139), the Kingdom of Portugal was proclaimed, whose independence from Leon was recognized by the Treaty of Samor in 1143. After the revolution of 1910 overthrew the monarchy, a democratic but unstable First Portuguese Republic was created. New State (Portuguese: Estado Novo). Democracy was restored after the Carnation Revolution (1974), which ended Portugal's colonial war. Soon independence was granted to almost all its overseas territories. The transfer of Macau to China (1999) put an end to what can be considered one of the longest-lasting colonial empires. The area is over 92,000 km2 (the 109th largest country in the world). According to the last census in 2011, the country's population was over 10.5 million people. The average population density is 115 people per km2. The capital is Lisbon. The main population is Portuguese. The official language is Portuguese. Portugal has left a deep cultural, architectural and linguistic influence around the world, with a heritage of about 250 million Portuguese speakers and many Creole languages. Portugal - developed

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