President of Finland
The President of Finland is the head of state of Finland.
The post of President of Finland was established in 1919. Today, this position is held by Sauli Niiniste, who was elected in the 2012 elections. He took over the powers of the president on March 1, 2012. Tarja Halonen, who won the elections in 2000 and 2006, led the country until March 1, 2012.
The election rules are defined by the constitution that entered into force on March 1, 2000.
The President of the Republic of Finland is elected by direct popular vote. In the normal course of events, presidential elections are held once every 6 years. If the current president is unable to fulfill his duties, a new one is elected as soon as possible.
Only a native of Finland can become president. One and the same person can be elected president for no more than 2 consecutive terms.
A presidential candidate can be nominated by a political party that won at least one seat in the parliament in the previous elections, or by a group of voters numbering at least 20,000 people.
If only one candidate is nominated, he becomes president without a vote. Otherwise, the first round of voting takes place in an election year on the third Sunday of January. If one of the candidates gets 50% + 1 vote, he becomes president. Otherwise, after 3 weeks, a second round of voting is held, in which the two candidates who received the largest number of votes in the first round participate. The candidate with the most votes in the second round wins. In case of equality of votes, the election results are determined by lot.
The new president takes office on the first day of the month following the election (February 1 or March 1), delivering a solemn speech to the parliament.
List of Presidents of Finland
Karl Hugo Stolberg (1919—1925)
Laurie Christian Relander (1925-1931)
Per Evind Swingwood (1931—1937)
Questi Kallio (1937—1940)
Risto Ryuti (1940—1944)
Carl Gustav Emil Mannerheim (1944—1946)
Jugo Kusti Paasikyvi (1946—1956)
Urgo Kaleva Kekkonen (1956—1982)
Mauno Koivisto (1982—1994)
Martti Agtisaari (1994-2000)
Tarya Halonen (2000—2012)
Sauli Niiniste (since 2012)
The position of the President of Finland was established by the Constitutional Act of 1919, approved by Regent Mannerheim on July 17, 1919.
The first president was elected