Protests in Kazakhstan (2022)


January 23, 2022

Protests in Kazakhstan began on January 2, 2022 in the oil city of Zhanaozen after a sharp rise in liquefied gas prices, which, according to the government of Kazakhstan, caused by high demand and fixed prices. As dissatisfaction with power and economic inequality increased, it quickly spread to other cities, especially Almaty, the country's largest city. In response, President Kasim-Jomart Tokayev imposed a state of emergency in the Mangistau district and Almaty from January 5 to 19, and fired the government. More than 160 people and more than 5,000 died during the protests. detained.


Zhanaozen, an oil-producing city in the Mangistau region, has faced a series of workers' strikes and demonstrations across Kazakhstan. In 2011, on the twentieth anniversary of Kazakhstan's independence, riots broke out in the city, killing 16 and injuring 100, as Kazakh police opened fire on protesters demanding better working conditions. During this time, the price of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), a fuel that is mainly used to refuel vehicles in Zhanaozen, was 30-35 tenge and has grown several times since then. According to Eurasianet, the surge was caused by the fact that in January 2019 a policy of gradual transition of the Kazakh government to e-market trading in liquefied gas began to gradually stop state subsidies for gas prices and allow the market to set prices. In January 2020, a protest took place in Zhanaozen, at which residents demanded to reduce the price of gas, which at that time rose from 55 to 65 tenge. From January 1, 2022, according to protesters in Zhanaozen, the price of LPG has almost doubled to 120 tenge ($ 0.28; ~ 8 hryvnia) per liter.

Course of events

January 2

On the morning of January 2, residents of Zhanaozen blocked roads to protest rising gas prices. From there, the demonstrators called on the akims of Mangistau region Nogaev Nurlan Askarovich and the city of Maksat Ibagarov to take measures to stabilize prices and prevent fuel shortages. Residents were met by acting Zhanaozen akim Galim Baidjanov, who advised the crowd to write a complaint to the city administration, in which the protesters reminded that their complaints were

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