North America


May 19, 2022

North America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, the northern part of the American world. It is located entirely in the northern hemisphere and almost entirely in the western hemisphere. It is bordered on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by the Pacific Ocean, and on the south by the Caribbean Sea; also in the south connects the Isthmus of Panama with South America. The total area is 24,709,000 km2, which is about 4.8% of the planet's area or 16.5% of its land area. North America is the third largest and most populous continent after Eurasia and Africa. Taking into account the adjacent islands (mainly the Caribbean), North America consists of 23 countries with a population of about 565 million as of 2013, or 7.5% of the world's population.

Origin of the name

The most common version of the origin of the name states that America was named by German cartographers Martin Waldzemüller and Matthias Ringman in honor of the Italian traveler Amerigo Vespucci. Vespucci, who explored North America from 1497 to 1502, was the first European to suggest that America was not the East Indies but a separate continent previously unknown to Europeans. In 1507, Waldzemüller drew a map of the world on which he used the word "America" ​​to denote the lands of North America. In the book Cosmographiae Introductio, which was added to the map, he explained the choice of name as follows: … Ab Americo inventore… quasi Americi terram sive Americam (in honor of the explorer Amerigo… as if it were the land of Amerigo, so America). According to Waldzemüller, no one should object to the naming of the continent in honor of its discoverer. He took the Latinized version of the name Vespucci (Americus Vespucius), but used its feminine form "America" ​​following the example of the existing names "Europe", "Asia" and "Africa". In 1583, Gerard Mercator used the term "America" ​​on his map of the world to refer to the entire Western Hemisphere. There are objections to this version, as the tradition of naming new lands in honor of the discoverers usually did not work when it came to royal lands. Ricardo Palma (1949) suggested the origin of the word from the name of the Amerrisque Mountains in Central America - Vespucci was the first researcher