North Atlantic Treaty
The North Atlantic Treaty is an international agreement signed on April 4, 1949 in Washington, DC, the United States, Western Europe and North America to unite efforts for collective defense, peace and security in the North Atlantic. The treaty became the founding document of the North Atlantic Alliance.
History, prerequisites for signing the contract
The history of the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty is directly related to the events that took place in the world after the Second World War. The threat of post-war revanchism in Germany, and later the aggressive policy of the USSR, prompted European countries and the United States to seek a new architecture of European security. The erection of the Iron Curtain, the coup in Czechoslovakia in February 1948, and the blockade of the Soviet occupation of Berlin by the Soviet Union in the spring of the same year all required an adequate response.
The beginning of the process of forming a defense union of Western countries can be considered a meeting in Brussels on March 4, 1948, representatives of Belgium, Britain, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the French Republic, which discussed the Anglo-French proposal to develop a mutual assistance agreement. On March 17, 1948, the Treaty of Brussels was signed. The aim of the Brussels Treaty was to jointly oppose possible future aggression by Germany, as well as military cooperation in response to possible Soviet aggression.
In the event of foreign aggression under the treaty, the relatively small Allied forces had to act together. However, the first meetings of Allied defense ministers, which assessed the available military resources of member states, concluded that they were insufficient and needed assistance, including from the United States - the idea of expanding the Western Defense Union at the expense of the United States and Canada and creation of a common defense system in the Euro-Atlantic area. In March-April 1948, French Foreign Ministers Georges Bidot and Great Britain addressed the White House with proposals.
and Ernst Bevin. The concept was made public during a speech in the Canadian Parliament by the Minister of Foreign Affairs (later