UN Security Council


January 22, 2022

UN Security Council (French: United Nations Security Council, Russian: United Nations Security Council, Russian: ) - a permanent body of the United Nations, which, in accordance with Article 24 of the UN Charter, is responsible for maintaining international peace and security. The Security Council is one of the six "main bodies" of the United Nations. In 1965, its membership was increased from 11 to 15 (first amendment to the UN Charter): five permanent members - Great Britain, China, the USSR, the United States, France - and ten members elected by the General Assembly for two years on a geographical basis . Five out of ten non-permanent members are re-elected each year. The UN Charter, as the founding act of this organization, contains many special rights in the world order of the five directly named permanent members of the Security Council, including the USSR, but there is no mention of the Russian Federation. Unlike other bodies. UN, only the Security Council has the right to make decisions that are binding on all UN members. The Security Council meets in New York when necessary. Ukraine was a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council in 1948–1949, 1984–1985, 2000–2001, and 2016–2017.


The Council consists of 15 member countries - 5 permanent and 10 non-permanent. Relevant amendments to the UN Charter were made on December 17, 1963 by the UN General Assembly resolution 1995 (XVIII) (before that the Council had only 6 non-permanent members).

Permanent members

Permanent members of the Security Council have the right to veto any resolution other than procedural:

Non-permanent members

10 other members are elected by the UN General Assembly for a two-year term (5 each year), starting on January 1. Members are elected by regional groups and approved by the UN General Assembly. To be elected to the Security Council, a candidate state must receive at least 2/3 of all votes for a seat, which can lead to a stalemate if there are two roughly equal candidates; in 1979, the stalemate between Cuba and Colombia was resolved in just three months and 154 rounds of voting, when both countries withdrew their bids in favor of Mexico as a compromise candidate. Non-permanent members of the UN Security Council are elected from

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