UN Human Rights Council
The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is an international human rights body in the United Nations system that has replaced the United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR). The Human Rights Council is a subsidiary body of the UN General Assembly. The first meeting of the Council was held on June 19, 2006. She is at the forefront of human rights discussions and cooperation. Carries out general research, prepares recommendations and drafts of international legal acts in the field of human rights protection, listens to reports of specially created subsidiary bodies.
On April 7, 2022, the UN General Assembly suspended Russia's membership in the Human Rights Council due to gross and systematic human rights violations following the Russian invasion of Ukraine. With the exception of Russia, 93 countries voted against 24. On May 10, the UN General Assembly elected the Czech Republic a member of the Human Rights Council instead of Russia.
The Council was established in 2006 on the basis of the UN Commission on Human Rights, which has operated since 1946. The Council is chaired by the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights.
The UN Commission on Human Rights was established on December 10, 1946 by the decision of the UN General Assembly of November 16, 1946 on the basis of Article 68 of the UN Charter. It was responsible for assisting the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in carrying out its human rights tasks.
On 15 March 2006, on the basis of UN General Assembly Resolution 60/251, the Commission was transformed into the UN Human Rights Council. The Council consists of 47 Member States, elected according to the regional representation. Other states have observer status.
The resolution establishing the Council set out its main task - to conduct comprehensive periodic reviews and to fulfill each state's human rights obligations, which ensure the universality and equal treatment of all states, ie universal periodic reviews (UPR).
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Suzyanna Rafikivna Asiryan. Establishment and operation of the UN Commission on Human Rights (1946-2006)