Republic of China

Article

January 22, 2022

Not to be confused with the People's Republic of China (PRC), founded in 1949, which controls mainland China, claiming the entire territory of the country. The Republic of China or the Republic of China (Chinese: on, Pinyin: Zhonghua Minguo, Academician Zhonghua Mingo, literally "Republic of China"), also known as Taiwan or Chinese Taipei, is a country with limited international recognition in the East. In the first half of XX century. was a one-party country recognized by the international community that had jurisdiction over mainland China; however, since the second half of the century it has been a democracy that controls only the island of Taiwan and a number of other small islands, although it de facto maintains relations with many foreign states. Until 1949, she was the only internationally recognized representative of China, and as such was a founding member of the United Nations and one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. In 1971, the Republic of China ceded its seat in the United Nations to the People's Republic of China.

Name

In addition to the official name of the country, metonymic names are widely used in the media: Taiwan (Chinese: -) - from the eponymous name of the island, which is currently controlled by the Government of the Republic of China; Chinese Taipei (Chinese: 中華 () is the name of the city where the government of the republic is located.

History

At the end of the XVI century. Chinese immigration from the coastal provinces of Guangdong and Fujian began on the island; 1624-1662 - in the southern part of the island of Taiwan there is a colony of the Dutch East India Company, and in the northern part in 1626-1642 a Spanish colony; in 1662 a supporter of the Ming dynasty, Zheng Chengong, expelled the Dutch from the island and established his own independent possession; 1683 - The islands are captured by Qing dynasties; The Republic of China was founded in 1912. It occupied most of mainland China and Mongolia. At the end of World War II, as part of the surrender of Japan, the Republic of China increased its territory at the expense of a group of islands in Taiwan and Penghu. When the Chinese National People's Party (Kuoming, Chinese: Gu, Guómíndǎng) lost the Civil War in 1949, the Communist Civil War

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