May 25, 2022

Romania (România) is a country at the crossroads of Eastern, Central and South-Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Ukraine to the north, Moldova to the northeast, Serbia to the southwest, Hungary to the northwest, and Bulgaria to the south, and is bordered by the Black Sea to the east. It has a predominantly temperate continental climate. With a total area of ​​238,397 km2 (92,046 sq. Miles), Romania is the 12th largest country in Europe and the seventh most populous member state of the European Union, with a population of approximately 20 million. The capital and largest city is Bucharest. Other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara, Iasi, Constanta, Craiova, Brasov and Galati. The Danube River, the second longest river in Europe, rises in the German Black Forest and flows a total of 2,857 km in a south-easterly direction, flowing through ten countries before entering Romania's Danube Delta. The Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from north to southwest, include the top of Moldavia at an altitude of 2,544 meters. Modern Romania was formed in 1859 by a personal union of the Danube principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. The new state, officially named Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. Following the declaration of neutrality after the end of the First World War in 1914, Romania has been fighting on the side of the allied powers since 1916. After that, Bukovina, Bessarabia, Transylvania, as well as parts of Banat, Krishna and Marmaros became part of the sovereign Kingdom of Romania. In June-August 1940, as a result of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and the Second Vienna Arbitration, Romania was forced to cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina to the Soviet Union, and Northern Transylvania to Hungary. In November 1940, Romania signed the Triple Alliance and, as a result, in June 1941, entered World War II on the side of the Axis powers, fighting the Soviet Union until August 1944, when it joined the Allies and regained control of northern Transylvania. After the war, under the occupation of the Red Army, Romania became a socialist republic and a member of the Warsaw Pact. After the 1989 revolution, the country disbanded