Sacco and Vanzetti

Article

July 5, 2022

Nicola Sacco (Italian: Ferdinando Nicola Sacco) (April 22, 1891 - August 23, 1927) and Bartolomeo Vanzetti (Italian: Bartolomeo Vanzetti) (June 11, 1888 - August 23, 1927) were members of the anarchist movement, originally from Italy, who lived in the United States. They became widely known after, in 1920, in the USA, they were charged with the murder of a cashier and two guards of a shoe factory in the city of South Braintree. At the trials held in the city of Plymouth, on July 14, 1921, the jury, after several hours of deliberation, returned a verdict of guilty to Sacco and Vanzetti and sentenced them to death. All motions were denied by the Massachusetts state courts and ultimately by the US Supreme Court. The process and attempts to achieve a review of the case caused a wide resonance in the world thanks to the support and fanning of publicity by the pro-communist media. On August 23, 1927, Sacco and Vanzetti were executed in the electric chair. In 1977, Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis issued a proclamation stating that Sacco and Vanzetti had been wrongfully convicted and that "all infamy must be forever removed from their names," but the proclamation did not declare them innocent.

Commemoration

Toponyms

Sacco I Vanzetti is a village in the Soledar community of the Bakhmut district of the Donetsk region.

Streets and alleys

Streets and alleys named after Sacco and Vanzetti (either Sacco or Vanzetti separately) exist in a number of cities in 11 regions of Ukraine. Also, some of the streets and alleys with this name have been renamed since decommunization [source?].

Links

Nunzio Pernicone: About the Sacco-Vanzetti case (English)