Self-knowledge is a peculiar mechanism of human cognitive activity, which is based on the process of reflection. The process of self-discovery requires considerable effort from the subject, relentless work on himself, allows him to discover himself, reveal his positive qualities, opportunities and aptitudes, which later, through self-education, a person can turn into abilities, and talent into a stable character trait.
A person's focus on knowing his physical and mental capabilities, his place in society is the essence of self-knowledge. Self-knowledge is the initial stage of self-education of an individual, his study of his properties, value system, life intentions, leading motives and motivations, character, temperament, features of cognitive processes (sensation , perception, memory, attention, thinking, speech, etc.). Self-discovery gives an opportunity to independently determine the ways of success in a certain field of activity, to analyze and improve one's daily activities.
Self-knowledge in philosophical teachings
Signs of a desire for spiritual improvement, attempts to find an answer to the problem of good and evil are contained in the philosophical concepts of ancient India and China, which have several thousand years of experience in understanding the moral values of a person. Ancient philosophy also did not ignore ethical dimensions. The motto "Know thyself" was engraved on the pediment of the Delphic temple in the 5th century. BC in Greece. It meant: know the will of the gods in your destiny, obey it. Many scholars believe that this saying belongs to Socrates, although there is no direct reference to it.
Socrates makes you think about what is really human in a person, what is the morality of his actions. Socrates understands self-knowledge not in acquiring knowledge about oneself, one's inner world or the work of biological systems and organs, but in learning how to apply knowledge to understand the morality of one's behavior. To know oneself, according to Socrates, is to understand how to be a highly moral person. Socrates' ways of self-knowledge are a person's constant desire to understand his actions, efforts to improve his virtues, bring them into line with the moral requirements of society, self-improvement, and the desire to lead a lifestyle that