Urban village

Article

August 8, 2022

Urban-type settlement, smt — a term for a small town. Introduced in office management since 1922 instead of the Russian term "post", in the USSR - since 1925 instead of the term "town". It was used in all 15 republics of the USSR, in particular in Ukraine, as an administrative unit that denoted a settlement intermediate between a village and a city. In the population register, urban-type settlements were counted as urban. Before the collapse of the USSR, the term was used in the countries of the Soviet camp: Poland (1954) and Bulgaria (1964). Since 1991, the term "urban-type village" has actually continued to be used in the administrative-territorial division and paperwork of the post-Soviet Eurasian countries — Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. In Poland, Bulgaria, Armenia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Moldova, urban-type settlements have been abolished, transformed into cities or villages. In Kyrgyzstan, the cancellation process is also ongoing. In the first part of Article 133 of the Constitution of Ukraine, there is no urban-type settlement in the list of administrative-territorial units, however, as of January 1, 2021, there are still 882 urban-type settlements in Ukraine.

History

In the RSFSR, unlike the rest of the Union republics (where there were only urban-type settlements), there were also categories of workers', summer cottages, and resort settlements. For the purposes of statistical comparability with other republics, working and resort (and since 1983, summer) settlements were statistically considered as urban-type settlements. In the 1930s and 1960s, more than 2,000 large villages were transformed into urban-type settlements in the RSFSR. A significant role in this process was played by the consolidation of collective farms, which began in the 1950s, as well as the granting of the status of communes to villages-district centers. In 1938, 322 settlements were granted the status of urban centers (the largest number during the Soviet years): 6 in Vinnytsia Oblast, 78 in Voroshilovgrad Oblast, 40 in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, 17 in Kyiv Oblast, 8 in Mykolaiv Oblast, 5 in Odesa Oblast, 11 in Poltava Oblast, 5 in Chernihiv Oblast, Kamianets-Podilska — 3, Zhytomyr — 14, Stalinska — 88, Kharkiv — 42, Moldavian ASSR — 5. After the accession of Western Ukraine to the USSR in 1940, 73 settlements were formed: in Drohobytsk — 7, Lviv — 17, Rivne — 4, Stanislavski