The village

Article

October 28, 2021

Village is one of the types of settlements in Ukraine and some other countries, the smallest administrative-territorial unit in Ukraine and Belarus, one of the oldest names of settlements among the Slavs. In Kievan Rus - the prince's estate.

Term

Etymology

Etymologically, the Ukrainian word village comes from Proto-Slavic. * selo ("settlement, yards, buildings", "field, land"), which is considered related to the Latin. solum ("soil"). Along with it in Proto-Slavic there was also the word * vьsь (derived from pra-i.є. * U̯ik, * u̯eik, * u̯oiko; dispute with Latin vicus, Gothic weihs, Old German wich, Sanskrit विवेश, vivesa). To this day, some Slavic languages ​​use * selo to refer to rural settlements (Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian and Ukrainian village, Belarusian village, Croatian selo, Serbian selo / selo); part - derivatives of * vьsь (Belarusian village, Polish wieś, Slovene vas, W.-Lusatian wjes, Czech vesnice, Old Church Slavonic, All Church, all Church). The word village in the Old Slavic language means "field".

Application

1. Settlement, name of the smallest administrative-territorial unit in Ukraine. 2. Type of settlement (usually large) “Village” is a Slavic word and is common in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and Ukraine. For example, there are numerous villages called Novo Selo in Bulgaria, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia and Macedonia. In Slovenia, the word "village" is used for very small settlements (less than a thousand people) and in dialects, while the Slovenian word vas is used throughout Slovenia. In Russia, two main terms are used - village and hamlet (from the former * wood / * wood, associated with der in the sense of "uproot", "free the land under arable land"). The first is used mainly for large villages, with a church (in Soviet times there was a central estate of the collective farm, state farm); the second - in relation to other, smaller rural settlements. In Israel, the term "city" has no legal meaning. In Sweden, the legal concept of "city" also does not exist. In Denmark and other Scandinavian countries, a "city" is a union of one or more farms with houses whose own districts are formed as a joint entity or are used together. Formally, the term "city" in Denmark is applied to an area with a population of at least 200, «

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