Syrian Republic (1930-1958)


May 25, 2022

The Syrian Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية السورية, Latin: Al-Jumhūriyyah Al-Sūriyyah, French: République syrienne) is a former state established in 1930 as part of the French mandate in Syria and Lebanon. The Treaty of Independence was drafted in 1936, granting Syria independence and ending official French rule, but the French parliament refused to accept the terms of the agreement. From 1940 to 1941, the Syrian Republic was under Vichy control, later under the rule of Free France, and from 1946 became a sovereign state. In 1958, the Syrian Republic together with the Republic of Egypt formed the United Arab Republic. French mandate for the Franco-Syrian Treaty of Independence The draft of the new constitution was discussed by the Constituent Assembly elected in April 1928, but due to political crisis, the meeting was dissolved on August 9, 1928. On May 14, 1930, the Syrian state was proclaimed the Republic of Syria and the new Syrian constitution was signed by the French High Commissioner. he signed the Lebanese Constitution, the Regulations of the Alexandret Sanjak, the Statute of the Government of Alavia, the Statute of the State of Jebel al-Druze. as provided by Article 37 of the Constitution. The National Bloc was in the minority in the new Chamber of Deputies received only 16 seats out of 70, due to the intense falsification of French rule. In 1933, France tried to impose a treaty of independence with strong concessions in favor of France. France promised to grant gradual independence, but demanded that France maintain control over the Syrian mountains. The Syrian head of state at the time was a French puppet, Muhammad Ali Bay al-Abid. Fierce opposition to the treaty was led by Hashim al-Atass, who called for a 60-day strike in protest. The national bloc, mobilizing large sections of the population to oppose the treaty, riots and demonstrations erupted, and the economy came to a standstill. Franco-Syrian Treaty of Independence After talks in March with Damien de M