Solntsev Sergey Ivanovich


October 25, 2021

Sergei Ivanovich Solntsev (October 7, 1872, Tereshok, Roslavl County, Smolensk Province — March 13, 1936) was an economist and specialist in general economic theory and methodology. Master of Political Economy and Statistics, Professor of St. Petersburg (1904-1913), Tomsk (1913-1917) and Novorossiysk Universities (1917-1920), Odessa Institute of National Economy (1921), and Petrograd (Leningrad) University (1922-1936); Academician of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (October 1, 1927) and the USSR Academy of Sciences (January 12, 1929). Rector of Novorossiysk University (today - Odessa National University named after II Mechnikov) (March 17, 1920 - July 10, 1920). He was awarded the Order of St. Anne III. (1916), the medal of the 300th anniversary of the reign of the House of Romanovs (1913).


SI Solntsev was born into a priest's family. He graduated from the gymnasium in Vyazma in 1895, after which he entered the medical faculty of Moscow University, was expelled for participating in the student movement in March 1897 and sent from Moscow to his homeland for two years under secret police surveillance, banned from entering Russian universities "at personal disposal." Only in 1900, he received permission from the Ministry of Education, entered the Faculty of Law of St. Petersburg University. On September 22, 1904 he graduated from the Faculty of Law of St. Petersburg University and received a first degree diploma. After graduating from university SI Solntsev was invited to the Department of Political Economy and Statistics to prepare for a professorship. Since 1907, SI Solntsev heads the economic office of St. Petersburg University. In 1907-1913 he lectured part-time on political economy at the Stebutov Higher Women's Agricultural Courses and the Higher Courses in Trade and Industry. From 1908 to 1910 he received business trips abroad, worked in the libraries of London, Berlin, and Dresden, listened to lectures by Professor E. Kennan in London, and participated in the seminar of Professor G. Schmoller of the University of Berlin. In 1912 he defended his dissertation "Salary as a problem of distribution" at St. Petersburg University and received a master's degree in political economy and statistics. From January 1 to October 15, 1913 - Private Associate Professor of Political Economy, St. Petersburg

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