List of Nobel Peace Prize laureates
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish: Nobels fredspris) is one of five prizes established by Alfred Nobel in his 1895 will. The prize has been awarded annually since 1901 for outstanding contributions to the preservation of peace.
The prize laureates are chosen every year in October by the 5-person Nobel Committee at the Norwegian Parliament. Awarding of laureates takes place annually on the day of Alfred Nobel's death on December 10 in Oslo. Each laureate receives a Nobel Prize laureate diploma and medal, as well as a monetary award.
The first Nobel Peace Prize was awarded in 1901, its laureates were the Swiss Jean-Henri Dunant and the French Frédéric Passy.
During its existence from 1901 to 2020, the Peace Prize was awarded 101 times, and 107 people became its laureates. In addition, 28 times the award was won by organizations that made a significant contribution to maintaining peace. Most often (68 times) the laureate of the award was 1 person or organization; 30 times the award was won by two laureates at once; twice, in 1994 and 2011, 3 people became laureates of the Nobel Peace Prize at once. In 1914–1916, 1918, 1923, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1939–1943, 1948, 1955, 1956, 1966, 1967 and 1972, the prize was not awarded.
Among the 107 laureates, 90 are men and 17 are women. The first woman laureate of the Nobel Peace Prize was Bertha von Suttner, who received the prize in 1905. Subsequently, women received the award in 1931, 1946, 1976 (twice), 1979, 1982, 1991, 1992, 1997, 2003, 2004, 2011 (three times), 2014 and 2018.
Among 134 Nobel laureates, 2 laureates received the prize more than once. Thus, the International Committee of the Red Cross won the prize three times (in 1917, 1944 and 1963), and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees - twice (in 1954 and 1981). In addition, Linus Pauling, who received the prize in 1962, became a two-time Nobel laureate, as he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954. In addition, Dag Hammarskjöld was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize posthumously in 1961.
The average age of laureates at the time of receiving the Nobel Peace Prize (as of 2012) is 62 years. The youngest Nobel laureate is the Pakistani human rights activist Malala Yousafzai, who was 17 years old when she won the award in 2014, the oldest is the British Joseph Rothblatt, who received the award in 1995 in