United States

Article

October 28, 2021

The United States of America (American: United States of America, USA, US, the USA, the States, America) is a federal republic in North America, consisting of 50 states: Alaska, Hawaii. , 48 states in the area between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and between Canada and Mexico and the District of Columbia. In addition, the United States owns part of the Virgin Islands (US Virgin Islands) and Puerto Rico in the West Indies, Eastern Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and other islands in Oceania. The capital is the city of Washington. The area of ​​the country is 9,826,675 km2 (4th place in the world), population - 325,719,178 people (2017 estimate, 3rd place in the world). The official language is English (de facto), there is no legally official language. The currency is the US dollar, the world's main reserve currency. The United States is one of the most ethnically diverse and multicultural countries in the world, historically as a result of large-scale immigration from different countries and continents. The United States has the world's largest economy with the highest GDP, amounting to $ 15.653 trillion in 2012 (22% of nominal world GDP and more than 19% of global purchasing power parity). In terms of per capita income, the United States ranks 11th in the world. The United States is a federal constitutional republic in which power is divided between the federal government and the governments of 50 states. Each of the 50 states has its own constitution, system of government and administration. The executive, legislature, and judiciary are represented by the President, Congress, and the Supreme Court, respectively. The United States is the founder of the United Nations and has a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council, is the founder of the North Atlantic Alliance. The United States has a powerful military, including the largest navy; The United States has the largest total nuclear capability on Earth. Since the end of the XX century (after the collapse of the USSR) are considered the only superpower in the world. Country Name In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldzemüller created a map of the world on which he first called the lands in the Western Hemisphere "America" ​​in honor of the Florentine discoverer, researcher and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci. Former British colonists used modern ones for the first time

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