Stefanik Vasil Semenovich

Article

May 19, 2022

| Ukrcenter | Lib | Image Vasyl Semenovych Stefanyk (May 14, 1871, Rusiv (now Sniatyn District, Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast) - December 7, 1936) was a Ukrainian writer, master of expressionist short stories, public figure, and politician. Ambassador (Member) of the Austrian Parliament from the Kingdom of Galicia and Vladimir. Son-in-law of the UGCC priest, Ambassador of the Galician Sejm Kirill Hamorak.

Biography

Childhood

He was born on May 14, 1871 in the village of Rusiv in the Stanislavshchina region (now the Sniatyn district of the Ivano-Frankivsk region) in the family of a wealthy peasant Semyon Stefanyk. My father inherited 18 mortuaries of the field in the early XX century. he was already 180. From an early age he was very devoted to his mother, he carried this love throughout his life. My father was hardworking, but he had a difficult, sometimes authoritarian nature. He did not spare money for his son's education, but he planned his own destiny, despite his opinion. Childhood was spent in the atmosphere of ancient traditions and customs of Pokuttya, at the same time he learned the mysterious world of folk songs, fairy tales, legends, legends, got acquainted with peasant life. As a child he grazed sheep, went to the field with his father. He had two brothers (Vladimir and Yuri) and two sisters. He learned to sing from his mother and older sister Maria

Education, participation in socio-political movement

He studied at the Rusiv Primary School (since 1878), the Sniatyn City School (since 1880), then at the Polish-language gymnasiums in Kolomyia (since 1883) and Drohobych (since 1891). There he suffered a lot of abuse and humiliation. For the rest of his life, Stefanik remembered one case that almost ended fatally. Due to his short stature, Vasyl could not reach the board hanging on the wall with his hand. The teacher started beating the boy so hard on the arm that she immediately swelled up, and when the students started making fun of the beaten man, he lost consciousness and wanted to lay hands on himself after the stress. In the then Galician gymnasiums, education was conducted in German and Polish, Ukrainian was banned, there was a suffocating atmosphere, and loyal views were instilled. The gymnasium gave nothing but formal education. So groups of high school students who wanted real education and improved their knowledge formed a secret group. Among its participants were classmates Stefanik, a future writer