July 5, 2022

Siraj ud-Daulah (1733 - July 2, 1757) was the Nawab of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa in 1756-1757.


He was the grandson and heir of Alivardi Khan. Together with his grandfather, he participated in wars with the Marathas and Afghans. He had an unbalanced character. According to contemporaries, he was prone to cruelty and revenge. In 1754, even before his accession to the throne, suspecting the emir Hussein Quli Khan of involvement in conspiracies, he ordered to kill him along with his nephew, Hussein ud-Din, on the street in Datta. He was also a persecutor of followers of Hinduism. At the age of 24, he took the throne of Bengal, having dealt with relatives who resisted him. Wary of the increasing influence of the British in Bengal, who at that time had already entered the south of the country in the struggle for the conquest of India, the Nawab attacked Fort William in Calcutta, the main English settlement in Bengal, and captured it on June 19, 1756. On the same night, many British prisoners, including wounded ones, were tortured in the "black pit". The English commander Robert Clive and Admiral Charles Watson, dispatched from Madras, recaptured Calcutta from the Indians. The Nawab's new campaign against that city soon ended in failure. On June 23, 1757, Siraj ud-Daulah suffered a crushing defeat at the hands of the British under Clive at the Battle of Plassey. The Nawab then tried to escape but was captured and killed.


O. L. Orestov "Gates of India". Moscow, 1976 Antonova A. "English conquest of India in the 18th century." Moscow, 1958