Tel Aviv-Jaffa (Hebrew: תֵּל אָבִיב-יָפוֹ, Arabic: تل أبيب - يافا, name of the city after the unification of Tel Aviv and Jaffa), abbreviated Tel Aviv - the second largest and most important city in Israel, after Jerusalem . Located on the Mediterranean coast about 60 km northwest of Jerusalem. The population of the city is 405,100 people (2010). Tel Aviv is the center of the Gush Dan agglomeration with a population of 3,800,000 people.
Tel Aviv was the capital of Israel from May 1948 to December 1949. Tel Aviv is home to the Ministry of Defense and the General Staff.
On December 6, 2017, US President Donald Trump officially recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. As a result of Trump's decision, the United States will move its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
Archaeological excavations date the foundations of the tower and gate to the Middle Bronze Age. The massive city wall and the Late Bronze Age temple are associated with the "peoples of the sea". Some houses from the Iron Age, Pharaonic, Persian and Hellenistic eras of Israeli history have been found.
The city was first mentioned in written sources in connection with the conquest of Egypt by Pharaoh Thutmose III in 1470 BC.
Jaffa (Jaffa) is mentioned several times in the Bible:
the place where the prophet Jonah was sent by ship to Tarshish,
to define the border of the tribe of Israel, Dan,
as a port through which timber was brought from Lebanon to build the First Temple in Jerusalem under King Solomon.
In 1099, the Crusaders of the First Crusade captured Jaffa, which had been abandoned by the Muslims. The city was fortified and the harbor improved. Jaffa was the main port of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
In 1192 she was captured by Saladin, but then won the Lionheart by Richard.
In 1268 the era of the Crusaders ended in the city with its capture and destruction by the Mamluks of Sultan Baybars.
In the 16th century the city passed to the Ottoman Empire. In 1799, Napoleon Bonaparte took the city.
The population of the city in 1806 - 2500 inhabitants, in 1886 - 17000. The Jewish community of Jaffa in 1882 was 1500 Sephardim and Ashkenazi.
The city of Tel Aviv was founded in 1909 on land bought from the Bedouins north of Jaffa.
The city of Tel Aviv-Jaffa within its current borders was created in 1949 by merging Tel Aviv, in fact the historic suburb of the ancient city of Jaffa with Jaffa.