Titanic

Article

May 19, 2022

The RMS Titanic is a British transatlantic steamer, the second Olympic liner of the White Star Line. The largest passenger ship in the world at the time of its construction. During the first voyage on the night of April 14-15, 1912, the liner collided with an iceberg in the Atlantic Ocean and sank. It was built in Belfast on the shipyard "Harland & Wolff" from 1909 to 1912. The Titanic was equipped with two four-cylinder steam engines and a steam turbine. The entire power plant had a capacity of 55,000 hp. The liner could develop a speed of up to 23 knots (42 km / h). Its tonnage, which exceeded the twin steamer "Olympic" by 243 tons, was 52,310 tons. The hull was made of steel. The hold and lower decks were divided into 16 watertight compartments by partitions with airtight doors. When the bottom was damaged, the double bottom prevented water from entering the compartments. Shipbuilder magazine called the Titanic virtually unsinkable, a statement that has become widespread in the press and among the public. According to outdated rules, the Titanic was equipped with 20 lifeboats, with a total capacity of 1,178 people, which was only a third of the maximum load of the steamer. The Titanic's cabins and public spaces were divided into three classes. First-class passengers were offered a swimming pool, squash court, À La Carte restaurant, two cafes and a gym. In all classes there were dining and smoking lounges, open and closed promenades. The most luxurious and refined were the first-class interiors, made in various artistic styles using expensive materials such as mahogany, gilding, stained glass, silk and others. The cabins and salons of the third class were decorated as simply as possible: the steel walls were painted white or lined with wooden panels. On April 10, 1912, the Titanic set sail from Southampton to New York for its first and only voyage. After stopping in Cherbourg, France and Queenstown, Ireland, the liner sailed into the Atlantic Ocean with 1,317 passengers and 908 crew members on board. He was scheduled to arrive in New York on April 17. The ship was commanded by Captain Edward John Smith. On April 14, Titanic Radio received seven ice warnings