Hungary

Article

May 25, 2022

Hungary or Hungarian (Hungarian: Magyarország [ˈmɒɟɒrorsaːɡ]) is a state in Central Europe. Occupying an area of ​​93,030 km2 in the Tisza-Danube lowlands, the country borders Slovakia in the north, Ukraine in the northeast (105 km common border), Romania in the southeast, Serbia and Croatia in the south, Slovenia in the southwest and Austria - in the west. With a population of about 10 million, Hungary is a medium-sized member state of the European Union. The official language is Hungarian, which is the most widely spoken Uralic language in the world and one of the few non-Indo-European languages ​​widely used in Europe. The capital and largest city is Budapest; other major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pecs and Gyor. The territory of modern Hungary has been inhabited for centuries by a number of peoples, including the Celts, Romans, Germanic tribes, Huns, Western Slavs and Avars. The foundations of the Hungarian state were laid in the late ninth century by the Hungarian leader Arpad after the conquest of the Pannonian Basin. His great-grandson Stephen I ascended the throne in 1000, turning his possessions into a Christian kingdom. By the twelfth century, Hungary had become a regional power, reaching its cultural and political heights in the fifteenth century. After the Battle of Mohács in 1526, Hungary was partially occupied by the Ottoman Empire (1541-1699). At the turn of the seventeenth century, the country came under Habsburg rule and later joined Austria, forming the Austro-Hungarian Empire, a great European power. The Austro-Hungarian Empire disintegrated after the First World War and, under the Treaty of Trianon, signed after its completion, lost 71% of its territory, 58% of its population and 32% of ethnic Hungarians. After a turbulent interwar period, Hungary joined the Axis powers in World War II, suffering heavy casualties. After the war, the country became a satellite state of the Soviet Union, which led to the formation of a socialist republic that lasted four decades (1949-1989). The country gained widespread international attention as a result of the 1956 revolution and the 1989 opening of its previously limited border with Austria, which accelerated the collapse of the Eastern Bloc. On October 23, 1989, Hungary was proclaimed