Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
October 28, 2021
The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (Latin Ecclesia Graeco-Catholica Ucrainae), abbreviated UGCC (Latin EGCU), is a Christian church, the largest Catholic church in Ukraine. One of the 23 Eastern Catholic Churches of its own right. He is in communion with the Pope and the Catholic Church and preserves the Byzantine liturgical tradition. The largest Greek Catholic Church in the world (over 5.5 million believers). It is headed by the Supreme Archbishop of Kyiv-Halych; the current chairman is Sviatoslav (Shevchuk) (since March 27, 2011). The UGCC declares itself to be the successor of the Kyiv metropolitanate and the church of Volodymyr's baptism, referring to the fact that it has had a continuous hierarchical succession since its foundation in the 10th century. In 1596, Metropolitan Mykhailo Ragoza of Kyiv, five bishops and three archimandrites in St. Nicholas Church signed the Brest Union, in which they recognized the ecclesiastical authority of the Bishop of Rome, thus leaving the jurisdiction of the Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople. In the 33 articles of the union, the Kyiv metropolitanate defined the conditions on which it agreed to accept unity with the Roman throne. Most of these articles were designed to preserve the theological, liturgical and canonical identity of the Union Russian Church: to leave in the Creed "comes from the Father", not to make changes in the order of the sacrament of baptism, preservation of the married priesthood, to leave three types of Liturgy (St. John Chrysostom, St. Basil the Great, St. Gregory the Double). Some articles were violated for various internal and external reasons as early as the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. This process in the history of the UGCC was called Latinization. In the XX century. under Metropolitan Andrei Sheptytsky, gradual attempts were made to restore the lost identity. In 2011, the UGCC presented its catechism "Christ is our Easter", in which the Church's doctrine is presented on the basis of the anaphora of the Liturgy of St. Basil the Great. In the XIX-XX centuries. bishops and priests of the UGCC became direct participants in the cultural, political, and economic revival of the Ukrainian people. In particular, the author of the music of the anthem of Ukraine is the priest Mykhailo Verbytsky. In public and public life, the UGCC defends the right of the Ukrainian people to their independent conciliar state and the formation of a mature civil state in it.