Unteroffizier (German: Unteroffizier - "non-commissioned officer") - a military rank and category of junior command, command staff in the Armed Forces of different countries. This category of ranks in the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the former Soviet Army, corresponds to the modern name of the Ukrainian sergeant corps.
Army of the Russian Empire
In the Russian Imperial Army until 1917 (and in the territories controlled by the whites - a little longer) this category in different periods included the following titles:
junior non-commissioned officer, junior officer (Cossacks), junior fireworks (artillery)
senior (separate) non-commissioned officer, senior officer (Cossacks), senior fireworks (artillery)
corporal until 1798
Fourier until 1798
captain's arm until 1798
sergeant until 1765
junior sergeant from 1765 to 1798
senior sergeant from 1765 to 1798. It should be noted that until 1826, in the so-called "old" guard feldfebel and caretaker, and until 1798 and sergeants were included in the relevant classes of the Table of Ranks (XIV and XIII), but were not considered oberofitsami and not equated. However, they could be transferred to the army by lieutenants or ensigns, respectively.
In the German army since the days of the Weimar Reichswehr, non-commissioned officers and staff non-commissioned officers are the only ranks in the category of so-called "non-portfolio non-commissioned officers", ie without the right to wear a briefcase.
The rest of the ranks of non-commissioned officers belonged to the category of "non-commissioned officers with a briefcase."
The rank of non-commissioned officer was present in the royal troops of Prussia, and in the Kaiser's army.
For insignia, the non-commissioned officer wore a single alumni stitch on his collar.
During the time of the Weimar Republic, in the Armed Forces (Reichswehr) in the non-commissioned officer since 1920 there were ranks of non-commissioned officer, unterfeldfebel, feldfebel and oberfeldfebel. The rank of non-commissioned officer was higher in rank than the staff corporal and lower than the unterfeldfebel. In the navy, the rank of non-commissioned officer was analogous to the military rank of maat.
For insignia, the non-commissioned officer from 1920 had a wide (not closed at the base) alum border on the chase.
Non-commissioned officer insignia (1919-1935)