Fatima (city)

Article

October 28, 2021

Fátima (Portuguese: Fátima [ˈfatimɐ]) is a city in the Central Region of Portugal, in the municipality of Ouren, in the district of Santaren. Administrative center of Fatima freesia. The world-famous pilgrimage center. In 1917, the apparition of the Blessed Virgin took place in Fatima. The city is home to one of the largest shrines of the Virgin Mary in the world. The patron saints are the Blessed Virgin Mary (Nossa Senhora dos Prazeres) and St. Anthony of Padua.

Toponym

The name of the city comes from the Arabic word Fatima (Arabic: فاطمة, Fāṭimah / ˈfɑːtˤɪma / - "taken from the chest"). The feminine form of the word Fatimun (Arabic: فَطِيمٌ - "taken from the breast" (speaks of a child)). Fatima is a popular female name among Muslims, especially among Shiites. The daughter of the Prophet Muhammad and his first wife Khadija was named Fatima (Fatima bint Muhammad).

History

The first mention of Fatima dates back to 1568. According to legend, the settlement of Fatima was named after Princess Fatima (Oriana). The Portuguese historian Bernardo de Brito, a monk of the Cistercian order, wrote The Legend of Oriana in his 1602 work Crónica da Ordem de Cister (Livro VI, Cap. I). In 1158, on the feast of the Nativity of John the Baptist, the Christian knight Gonçalo Hermigues and his companions suddenly attacked the Alcácer do Sal and kidnapped Princess Fatima. She was the daughter of a local Moorish ruler. She was transported to the newly created Kingdom of Portugal, to a small village in what is now the Serra de Aire. While in captivity, the princess fell in love with a knight. To marry her lover, Fatima renounced Islam and was baptized, receiving a new name, Oureana. Interestingly, the city of Fatima is part of the municipality of Ouren (Ourém). According to legend, after marriage, the princess received as a gift the city of Ouren. And the name Ouren comes from her name Oriana. By the beginning of the XX century. Fatima remained a small settlement. It is worth noting that when we talk about Fatima 1915-1917 (as a place of proclamation), it means the fregesia (freguesia) of Fatima, not the village of Fatima (because the revelations took place in different places of the same community ). The freesia consisted of about twenty settlements (Fatima, Aljustrel, Casa Velha, Moita Redonda, Lombo d’Égua and others). It got its name from the village of Fatima, where the c

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