France

Article

October 25, 2021

France (French: French, French: [fʁɑ̃s] (listen)), official name - the French Republic (French: République française, [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛːz] (listen)) is a state whose territory consists of a metropolis in Western Europe and Western Europe. possessions. The territory of the metropolis stretches from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, as well as from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered on the northeast by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany, on the southwest by Spain and Andorra, and on the southeast by Italy and Monaco. Overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans, including Guadeloupe, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Martinique, Mayotte, Reunion, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, New Caledonia and Valais. and Futuna. 18 regions of the country (5 of which are overseas) cover a total area of ​​643,801 km2 and have a population of 67.08 million people (as of 2020). France is a unitary mixed republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and its main cultural and economic center. Other major urban areas are Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice. France, including its overseas territories, has the largest number of time zones among all countries in the world, 12. During the Iron Age, what is now the metropolis of France was inhabited by the Gauls, the Celtic people. Rome annexed this territory in 51 BC. BC, holding it until the arrival of the Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Frankish Kingdom. The Treaty of Verdun in 843 divided France into the Eastern, Middle, and Western Frankish kingdoms. The Western Kingdom, which became the Kingdom of France in 987, was a powerful medieval European power under King Philip II Augustus. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was created, which by the twentieth century had become the second largest in the world. In the 16th century, France experienced religious civil wars between Catholics and Protestants (Huguenots). In the seventeenth century, under Louis XIV, France became Europe's dominant cultural, political, and military power. At the end of the XVIII century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, creating one of the oldest res

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