Football

Article

May 19, 2022

Association football, better known as football, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball. About 250 million men and women from more than 200 countries play football, making it the world's most popular sport. Football is an Olympic sport. Football is played on a rectangular field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score the ball into the goal of the opposing team. Players are not allowed to touch the ball with their hands while it is in play, unless they are goalkeepers (and only when it is in their penalty area), or while throwing the ball. Other players mostly use their feet to strike or pass the ball, but can also use their head and torso. The team that scores more goals by the end of the match wins it. If no team scores a goal, or the score is the same, a draw is announced, or the game goes into extra time, or a penalty, depending on the format of the competition. The laws of the game were first codified by the Football Association of England in 1863, and later spread throughout the planet. At the global level, football is managed by the International Federation of Football Associations (FIFA; Fédération Internationale de Football Association), which organizes the World Cup for men and women every four years.

Name in Ukraine

According to Stepan Shah's memoirs, in 1908 Professor Ivan Bobersky organized a "Soft Saw Game Sports Club" among students of the Lviv Academic Gymnasium, which the high school students themselves called a "football club." . After the restoration of Ukraine's independence, many supporters of changing the foreign name of football to Ukrainian appeared. They offer different options, both old and new, in particular, the foot.

General rules

The rules were first introduced on December 7, 1863 by the English Football Association. Based on the provisions of the game invented at Cambridge University. They play on a football field 90-120 meters long and 45-90 meters wide. At the two opposite ends are the gates (7.32 m wide and 2.44 m high), where you need to get the ball. The ball, the circumference of which should be 68-71 cm, and m